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学者,作家,性社会学博士,在国内外出版著作30余部,在台湾出版有8卷本文集。现执教于北京林业大学心理系

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南华早报关于男性解放学术沙龙的报道  

2006-01-22 15:10:00|  分类: 报道评论 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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《南华早报》报道:Emancipaition from the masculian myth

2005年5月22日

       Fang Gang, 37, has made a name for himself in the capital as an investigative writer and university lecturer committed to freeing Chinese men of their typecast social roles. He talks to Irene Wang about how both men and women can benefit from an end to stereotypes of masculinity.

 

       Q: Why do men need to be liberated from the usually dominant positions they hold?

 

       A: The mainstream belief that males must achieve great social status is an example of a masculine stereotype. Why is it that a man only receives social recognition after he is successful in a career? If he does not want to be successful in the workplace, we need to respect his choice. We should respect an individual’s choice, not require him to be this or that.

 

       Q: Does than mean a man can be irresponsible if he wants?

 

       A: No. On the contrary, we are calling for men to be able to shoulder some of the responsibilities now denied them, such as looking after children and doing work within the home. What responsibility should a male have? Men should have equal rights with women. Just like women, they should be able to choose not to be career-oriented. As long as the couple feels harmonious and happy with their distribution of labour, we should give it a go.

 

       Q: What about the physical differences between men and women?

 

       A: Of course, there are differences. But the equality I’m talking about is not physical but mental. By that I mean men do not have to deny their natural instincts to be tough, a breadwinner or not to cry. But they do have to give up the idea that they are superior to women and that they can resort to domestic violence.

 

       Q: In your seminars, less than half of the participants are men. Why is that?

 

       A: It’s true. For men, the masculine stereotype is so much a part of them and they usually benefit from the stereotype. So it is difficult for them to have clear understanding of the need for gender awareness. Women are the victims of the stereotype and overturning the norms is beneficial to them. Male liberation should keep pace with female liberation. Men and women can only be liberated together.

 

       Q: What are the prospects for male liberation in China?

 

       A: I haven’t seen many men in my life who have been liberated but there has been some progress in this regard in the last decade. When I wrote on a column about men in the late 1990s, many readers couldn’t understand me. Somebody even asked me if male liberation meant a man was free to have a mistress. But today, there are some good men’s magazines, which focus on male issues. It’s very positive. And society is becoming more tolerant of men in terms of their abilities. For example, many of my female students said it is OK for them if their future husbands stay at home and do housework while they go out to work. Male stereotypes have been entrenched in China for thousands of years and we can only change it bit by bit.

 

       Q: Why did you focus on male liberation?

 

       A: It relates to my personal experience. I lost my father when I was three and I was considered a feeble child as I grew up. I did not fit the masculine stereotype and my peers bullied me. I came across with feminist theory in 1997 and found it compelling. It talks about combating inequality, hegemony and the rights of the weak. Then I came across some papers on re-defining male roles and realized that not complying with masculine stereotype is normal. The theory united with my personal experience and was inspirational.

 

       Q: After years of study, do you feel liberated?

 

       A: Maybe because I was exposed to masculine stereotypes for so long time and so deeply, I can’t get away from them. Sometimes I wish I had a free and easy life but I haven’t chosen that for myself.

 

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